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The History of Aquaculture

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is to promote economically viable and environmentally responsible marine and freshwater aquaculture for the Pacific region through sound public policy and best available science.

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The United States government has set national goals for expanding domestic aquaculture production from the current $900 million a year to $6 billion a year by 2025, and for using aquaculture to enhance expert option depleted wild stocks of fish and shellfish.

Many Western states are involved in aquaculture, but the Pacific states of Alaska, Washington, Oregon, California and Idaho are in a particularly strong position to play an important role in this national development plan.

Marine and freshwater fish and shellfish farming in the region already produces more than 60,000 metric tons of seafood products expertoption each year with a value of $154 million — nearly 17% of all national seafood production, and about one-third of estuarine and marine production.

Salmon net pens
Salmon net pens

pacific coast oyster farm
Oyster harvest, Bay Center, WA

The region's seafood aquaculture employs some 3000 people and generates about 28,000 additional jobs in related industries.

Stock enhancement programs also contribute juvenile fish and shellfish to the region's fisheries; both for commercial, tribal and recreational harvest, as well as for rebuilding depleted natural stocks.

Public and private hatcheries in the region release nearly 2 billion fish each year, accounting for between 30 and 75% of Pacific salmon returns in some areas. Stock enhancement directly employs as many as 2000 people in the region, and generates 10,000 additional jobs in related industries.

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